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Different Types Of Heart Surgery

How to better understand the terms the doctors use

Whenever talking about heart surgery, we are referring to a surgical procedure that fixes a problem with a patient’s heart. In most cases the patients that need such a surgery are scared. It is completely normal to be scared. Let us understand the different types of heart surgery. This will give you more information so that you can know what you are up against when the doctor mentions some terms.

Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting

A really common type of heart surgery is Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting or CABG for short. It is normally done on a patient that is suffering from a coronary artery disease. In many situations plaque, a fatty material is accumulated right inside a coronary artery. This will block arteries and automatically reduce blood flow.

London's landmark Tower Bridge
Located near the famous Tower Bridge,
the Keyhole Heart Clinic can be found at London Bridge Hospital

The surgeon will take a vein or an artery from the patient’s leg, chest or another body part. They will be grafted and then connected with blocked arteries. CABG will help bypass blockages. One surgery is needed and a maximum of 4 coronary arteries can be blocked in one operation.

Transmyocardial Laser Revascularization

Also known as TLR, this heart surgery will be done in order to treat angina. Surgeons use this as a final treatment option when other options failed. Laser technology is utilized in order to make channels inside heart muscles. The channels let blood flow directly from chambers to heart muscles.

Valve Replacement/Repair

Valves are made out of flap sets that are known under the name leaflets. The leaflets allow the blood to pass to arteries from heart chambers when they are opened. After blood passes, leaflets close in order to stop the blood from getting back. In order to overcome such a problem, surgeons perform valve replacements or repairs. The replacement valves are comprised of animal tissue or human tissue. Alternatively, man-made substances are utilized.

Surgery procedure under way
It's completely normal to be scared before heart surgery,
but knowing what to expect should ease your fears.

Aneurysm Repairs

The aneurysm refers to an abnormal bulging that appears inside the artery walls or inside the heart muscle. In most situations this will happen in the heart chamber that is as to the left side as possible. As time passes, aneurysms can become worst and will burst, thus leading to internal bleeding. It is possible it can lead to a heart attack.

Surgeons will overcome this by carrying out surgery to replace weak artery sections with grafts. When the situation allows it, minimally invasive heart surgery can be performed by specialists like those at the Keyhole Heart Clinic.

Heart Transplants

This is usually performed only on patients that have a really weak heart that would fail in pumping suitable quantities of blood for body requirements. This is a surgery type that aims to replace diseased or un-healthy hearts. When other surgical procedures fail, this is the one surgery that is chosen by the surgeon and the only option available. Just patients that are really sick or that need the heart transplant in order to survive will be considered for the operation. Also, only a particularly skilled surgeon can perform a heart transplant so make sure that you choose your doctor carefully if this is the only option left.

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